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All Employees & Bosses Must Watch this Ladder Accident Short   Video You Will Never Forget This

5-Step foldout ladder
Figure 1

Worker on a metal ladder leaning against the outside of a house
Figure 2

Close-up image of a metal step of a ladder
Figure 3

Close-up image of the middle of a metal foldout ladder
Figure 4

Metal stepladder with a middle locking device
Figure 5


  • Self-supporting (foldout) and non-self-supporting (leaning) portable ladders must be able to support at least four times the maximum intended load, except extra-heavy-duty metal or plastic ladders, which must be able to sustain 3.3 times the maximum intended load. (See Figure 1.)

  • Non-self-supporting ladders, which must lean against a wall or other support, are to be positioned at such an angle that the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is about 1/4 the working length of the ladder. (See Figure 2.)
  • In the case of job-made wooden ladders, that angle should equal about 1/8 the working length. This minimizes the strain of the load on ladder joints that may not be as strong as on commercially manufactured ladders.
  • Ladder rungs, cleats, or steps must be parallel, level, and uniformly spaced when the ladder is in position for use. Rungs must be spaced between 10 and 14 inches apart.

    For extension trestle ladders, the spacing must be 8-18 inches for the base, and 6-12 inches on the extension section.
  • Rungs must be so shaped that an employee's foot cannot slide off, and must be skid-resistant.
    (See Figure 3.)
  • Ladders are to be kept free of oil, grease, wet paint, and other slipping hazards.
  • Wood ladders must not be coated with any opaque covering, except identification or warning labels on one face only of a side rail.
Other Requirements
  • Foldout or stepladders must have a metal spreader or locking device to hold the front and back sections in an open position when in use. (See Figure 4.)
  • When two or more ladders are used to reach a work area, they must be offset with a landing or platform between the ladders.

    The area around the top and bottom of ladder must be kept clear.

    Ladders must not be tied or fastened together to provide longer sections, unless they are specifically designed for such use. (See Figure 5.)
  • Never use a ladder for any purpose other than the one for which it was designed.
Book Additional Information:

No "No" No "No" No

Worker improperly standing on the top rung of a stepladder working on a doorway of a building

This is improperly using the top rung of this step ladder to work from.

Safety Tips to Prevent Ladder Injuries

WASHINGTON, D.C. - Each year there are more than 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries in the U.S. relating to ladders. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) offers the following safety precautions to help prevent these injuries.

  • Make sure the weight your ladder is supporting does not exceed its maximum load rating (user plus materials). There should only be one person on the ladder at one time.
  • Use a ladder that is the proper length for the job. Proper length is a minimum of 3 feet extending over the roofline or working surface. The three top rungs of a straight, single or extension ladder should not be stood on.

    Straight, single or extension ladders should be set up at about a 75-degree angle.

    All metal ladders should have slip-resistant feet.

    Metal ladders will conduct electricity. Use a wooden or fiberglass ladder in the vicinity of power lines or electrical equipment. Do not let a ladder made from any material contact live electric wires.
  • Be sure all locks on extension ladders are properly engaged.
  • The ground under the ladder should be level and firm. Large flat wooden boards braced under the ladder can level a ladder on uneven ground or soft ground. A good practice is to have a helper hold the bottom of the ladder.
  • Do not place a ladder in front of a door that is not locked, blocked or guarded.
  • Keep your body centered between the rails of the ladder at all times. Do not lean too far to the side while working.
  • Do not use a ladder for any purpose other than that for which it was intended.
  • Do not step on the top step, bucket shelf or attempt to climb or stand on the rear section of a stepladder.
  • Never leave a raised ladder unattended.
  • Follow use instruction labels on ladders.


Info from  www.safteng.net

Buy a ladder long enough for any use you may have for it.
Keep in mind that the length of a ladder is different from
its usable length.
The height these ladders can safely reach is reduced by the angle at which the ladder must be set up. (This will be explained later).
Erect a stepladder only on a flat level surface.
Before climbing a stepladder, make sure that its legs are fully extended and the spreader locked. The locking device on some ladders may present a pinching hazard, so keep fingers clear when setting up the ladder.
Never use a step ladder as a straight ladder.
Stepladders do not exceed 20 feet.
Do not step on the bucket shelf or attempt to climb or stand on the rear section supports. They are not designed to support the weight
of a person.
Only a two way ladder is designed for two people.
To raise a ladder, brace the lower end against a wall and then grasp the top rung with both hands.
Raise the top end and walk underneath the ladder, moving down the rungs until
the ladder is vertical.
When using an extension ladder, raise it to the desired height, being sure the locks engage properly on both sides of the ladder.
Extension ladders do not exceed
44 feet when extended.
Extension ladders are not used fully extended. There is an overlap between sections, not less than 10% of the working length of the ladder.
Ladders should be stored in a sheltered area.
Never leave a raised ladder unattended. It could fall unexpectedly and injure someone.
Never use a damaged ladder.
Have repair work done only by a competent repair shop.
If there is major damage, discard the ladder.
Keep metal ladders away from electrical wires.
Ladders should have nonconductive side rails if they are used where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment.
When using a ladder near power lines, use a wooden or fiberglass ladder since metal ladders conduct electricity.
Info from  www.safteng.net

Do not do this

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